By J. Randolph Kissell;Robert L. Ferry
Technical information and idea for designing aluminum structuresAluminum buildings, moment version demonstrates how robust, light-weight, corrosion-resistant aluminum opens up a complete new global of layout percentages for engineering and structure pros. Keyed to the revised Specification for Aluminum buildings of the 2000 version of the Aluminum layout handbook, it presents quickly look-up tables for layout calculations; examples of lately outfitted aluminum structures-from structures to bridges; and a comparability of aluminum to different structural fabrics, quite metal.
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Extra info for Aluminum Structures: A Guide to Their Specifications and Design
Annually. Structural applications for aluminum can be further divided into aerospace and nonaerospace applications. ’’ Because the aerospace market is so specialized, we’ll concentrate our attention on the other, broader structural applications for aluminum, especially the construction market. 6. The transportation industry also uses aluminum in signiﬁcant structural applications, including cars, trucks, buses, tractor trailers, rail cars, and ships. S. and an assumed installed price of $5 per lb, the building market represents about $15 billion annually.
7). 8). Floating roofs with aluminum pontoons and aluminum sheet decks are used to minimize evaporation of volatile liquids in tanks. 9). Aluminum’s non-sparking properties are preferred over steel in potentially ﬂammable atmospheres. 10), and aluminum has been used for a number of bridge decks and bridge structures in North America and Europe. 11). 7 Double-wall cryogenic tanks storing liquiﬁed natural gas at Ϫ260ЊF [Ϫ160ЊC]. The inner tanks are aluminum. 8 Clear-span aluminum dome covering a petroleum storage tank.
Fabrication For many applications, extrusions require little additional fabrication once they’ve been shipped from the mill. Typical processes involve cutting to length and fabricating holes. Extrusions may also be rolled to take on curvature for camber or other purposes. However, if strains required by the rolling process are great enough, they may produce cracking. This situation can sometimes be avoided by rolling before the material is artiﬁcially aged. For example, 6061 extrusions can be rolled in the -T4 temper and then artiﬁcially aged at the mill to the -T6 temper, which is usually needed for strength in the ﬁnished member.