By Isamu Nouchi (auth.), Kenji Omasa Ph.D., Hiharu Saji Ph.D., Shohab Youssefian Ph.D., Noriaki Kondo Ph.D. (eds.)
Air pollutants is ubiquitous in industrialized societies, inflicting a number of environmental difficulties. it's therefore necessary to visual display unit and decrease pollutants degrees. a couple of plant species already are being exploited as detectors (for phytomonitoring) and as scavengers (for phytoremediation) of air toxins. With advances in biotechnology, it truly is now possible to switch vegetation for a much wider variety of phytomonitoring and phytoremediation purposes. pollution and Plant Biotechnology offers fresh leads to this box, together with plant responses in the course of phytomonitoring, pollution-resistant plant species, imaging prognosis of plant responses, and using novel transgenic vegetation, besides stories of uncomplicated plant body structure and biochemistry the place applicable. Researchers and scholars operating in plant biotechnology and the environmental sciences or contemplating new parts of research will locate this quantity a worthwhile reference.
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Additional resources for Air Pollution and Plant Biotechnology: Prospects for Phytomonitoring and Phytoremediation
Interim assessment: the cause and effects of acidic deposition, vol IV. 50 Jacob B, Heber U (1998) Apoplastic ascorbate does not prevent the oxidation of fluorescent amphiphilic dyes by ambient and elevated concentrations of ozone in leaves. Plant Cell PhysioI39:313-322 34 I. Nouchi Jacobson JS, Colavito U (1976) The combined effect of sulfur dioxide and ozone on bean and tobacco plants. Environ Exp Bot 16:277-285 Jacobson JS, Irving PM, Kuja A, Lee J, Sjriner DS, Troiano J, Perrigan S, Cullinan V (1988) A collaborative effort to model plant response to acidic rain.
In such experiments in the USA, for example, automatically mobile rainfall-exclusion shelters have been employed for acidic deposition trials conducted in the field (Banwart 1988). These shelters, which automatically move in response to rain, cover the vegetation and exclude ambient precipitation when natural precipitation occurs and when artificial treatments are applied, allowing experimental plants to grow in a microclimate comparable to the normal agricultural field except during natural or simulated precipitation.
Experientia 41 :591 "597 Evans KS, Lewin KF, Cunningham EA, Patti MJ (1982) Effects of simulated acid rain on yields of field-grown crops. New Phytol 91 :429-441 Evans LS, Lewin KF, Patti MJ (1984) Effects of simulated acid rain on yields of fieldgrown soybeans. New Phytol 96:207-213 Evans LS, Lewin KF, Owen EL, Santucci KA (1986) Comparison of yields of several cultivars of field-grown soybeans exposed to simulated acidic rainfalls. New Phytol 102:409-417 Fiscus EL, Booker FL (1995) Is increased UV-B a threat to crop photosynthesis and productivity?