By Zhongchao Tan
This textbook discusses engineering ideas when it comes to pollution and greenhouse gases (GHGs); it specializes in engineering ideas and designs of similar units and gear for air emission keep an eye on for quite a few industries reminiscent of power, chemical, and transportation industries. The e-book goals basically at senior undergraduate and graduate scholars in mechanical, chemical and/or environmental engineering departments; it might probably even be used as a reference e-book via technical employees and layout engineers who're attracted to and want to have technical wisdom in pollution and GHGs. The publication is inspired via contemporary quick advances in pollution and greenhouse gasoline emissions and their regulate applied sciences. as well as vintage subject matters with regards to pollution, this publication is additionally featured with rising themes regarding pollution and GHGs. It covers contemporary advances in engineering methods to the aid of GHG emissions together with, yet will not be restricted to, eco-friendly strength applied sciences and carbon sequestration and garage. It additionally introduces an rising subject in pollution, that's known as Nano pollution. it's a transforming into difficulty in pollution, yet mostly lacking in related books, most probably due to fresh quick advances in nanotechnology has outpaced the advances in nano pollution control.
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Extra resources for Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gases: From Basic Concepts to Engineering Applications for Air Emission Control
Ozone depletion is also expected to lead to increased skin cancer rates and suppression of the immune system. It also impacts the ecosystem by slowing down the growth of certain food plants. Scientists had linked several substances associated with human activities to ozone depletion, including the use of chloroﬂuorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform. These chemicals are emitted from such industrial processes as commercial air conditioners, refrigerators, and insulating foam.
Moreover, fuels are not purely carbon and hydrogen, and their compositions have to be analyzed before the potential pollutants can be predicted. A power plant can be used as a more realistic example. When burning coal to generate thermal energy to heat the water for steam, primary air emissions including CO2, SO2, NOx, heavy metals, and particulates are produced and emitted from the stack into the atmosphere. The emissions of air pollutants and GHGs from the stack depend on many factors, including but are not limited to the properties of the fuel, the combustion process, and downstream ﬂue gas treatment devices.
Differences among countries’ environmental standards and the costs for remediation have caused the relocation of pollution-intensive industries from strictly controlled countries to those with few or no standards by creating “pollution havens” for developed countries. Air pollution in the United States has decreased steadily since the 1970s, but the opposite is the case in developing countries [6, 8]. Highly polluting manufacturing factories, such as chemicals, electronics, and automobiles, have shifted from developed countries to developing countries, 14 1 Air Emissions partially due to less stringent emission control policies and weak implementation, in addition to the low labor cost.