By Professor Mark Z. Jacobson
This re-creation of Mark Jacobson's textbook offers a accomplished advent to the background and technological know-how of the main pollution and weather difficulties that face the realm this present day, in addition to the power and coverage suggestions to these difficulties. each bankruptcy has been introduced thoroughly updated with new information, figures, and textual content. there's a new extra bankruptcy on large-scale strategies to weather and pollution difficulties. Many extra colour pictures and diagrams and plenty of extra examples and homework difficulties were extra. this is often an awesome introductory textbook on pollution for college kids taking classes in atmospheric chemistry and physics, meteorology, environmental technological know-how, Earth technology, civil and environmental engineering, chemistry, environmental legislations and politics, and town making plans and rules. it's going to additionally shape a important reference textual content for researchers, and an advent to the topic for basic audiences.
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Additional resources for Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions
6 are pressure dependent because the concentration of M is proportional to the air pressure. 5. Chemical Lifetimes Some gases are important in the atmosphere because they persist in high concentrations since they have either a high production rate or a low removal rate. Gases are produced by either emissions or chemical reaction. Gases are removed by chemical reaction, scavenging by rain or aerosol particles, or deposition to a surface. Some gases that persist in the air for a long time due to a slow removal rate include N2 (g), CO2 (g), CH4 (g), N2 O(g), and H2 (g).
6. Mass concentration of a gas or particle is usually expressed in units of micrograms per cubic meter of air (g m−3 ). 02252 ×1023 molec. mol−1 ), Nd is the number concentration of dry air molecules (molec. cm−3 ), and z = 1012 g cm3 g−1 m−3 is a conversion constant. 4. 2 illustrates the conversion from mixing ratio to mass concentration. In this chapter, atoms, molecules, elements, and compounds were defined. In addition, a history of the discovery of elements and compounds of atmospheric importance was given.
0 g mol−1 . 55 × 1019 molec. 02252 × 1023 molec. 29 g-O3 (g) m−3 . 8. 1. What are the main differences between gases and aerosol particles? 2. What compound might you expect to form on the surface of a statue made of marble or limestone (both of which contain calcium carbonate) if aqueous sulfuric acid deposits onto the statue? 3. Describe one experiment you could devise to isolate molecular oxygen. 4. What was the fundamental flaw with the theory of phlogiston? 5. Why did Lavoisier name oxygen as he did?