By H. C. Brookfield, Helen Parsons, Muriel Brookfield, Land Management and Environmental Change Project on People
Via generations of innovation and test, smallholder farms (cultivated items of land smaller than 50 acres) have nurtured a wealthy range of either wild and household vegetation and animals. whereas so much educational literature emphasizes the sped up lack of biodiversity, this publication describes how huge numbers of smallholder farmers are holding biodiversity of their farmlands and surrounds. according to the fieldwork of the United international locations collage venture on humans, Land administration and Environmental switch (PLEC), the publication observes how farmers use their wisdom and talents to control range and to control their assets conservatively and profitably. The e-book highlights optimistic examples of source administration in Brazil, China, Ghana, Guinea, Jamaica, Kenya, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Thailand, Tanzania, Uganda, Britain, the U.S., Japan and Australia. those examples reveal how "agrodiversity" practices can be utilized to opposite lack of biodiversity, regulate land degradation and increase small farmers' livelihoods, and the way they can be effectively utilized to different occasions.
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Extra info for Agrodiversity: Learning from Farmers Across the World
It combines old and new, and has been developed by the farmers EVOLUTION OF PLEC WORK 13 and widely used to enlarge the area of intensively cultivated land used for commercial production. The first step was discovery of what the farmers were doing themselves and what they knew. Innovators occur in small numbers in most rural societies. Some of the innovations are potentially viable and widely usable, others are not. Some farmers are already very knowledgeable, and also learn quickly. Many are keen experimenters who will try out any new germplasm or get ideas from other areas, and nowadays even from the media.
Demonstration site methodology took more time to evolve. PLEC’s methods have three main elements: an emphasis on agrodiversity and its value in sustaining biodiversity; a common system for the recording of agrodiversity and biodiversity in agricultural landscapes; and the value of farmer-to-farmer exchanges based on expert farmers and supported by scientists. The guidance to clusters, described in this chapter, came in part from the scientific coordinators, and principally from the internal advisory bodies.
This is abundantly shown in the country chapters that follow. Third, conservation and development are not seen as trade-offs, but as twin aims that can be combined into a single set of activities among the farmers. This is made possible by the fact that cultivating biodiversity can, in many areas, be a profitable activity for farmers, and PLEC has shown this to be feasible. The fourth aspect is that while farmers’ practices may well be capable of improvement, PLEC sees the improvement as something that can be built on what the best of them do, not as something that should be promoted only from outside.