Download Acid in the Environment-Lessons Learned and Future Prospects by Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw PDF

By Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw

This ebook is the results of a convention held biannually on the Goodwin-Niering middle for Conservation Biology and Environmental experiences at Connecticut university. It makes use of an interdisciplinary method of specialise in very important ecological affects of acid deposition, the transboundary nature of the pollution that reason acid rain, and family and foreign rules designed to minimize the emission of those pollution. The ebook combines study findings and the coverage analyses of specialists from assorted educational disciplines with the positions complicated by means of representatives of assorted nongovernmental enterprises (NGOs). as the quantity explores many elements of the acid rain factor, it will likely be of curiosity to a various viewers that incorporates researchers, scholars, involved electorate, coverage analysts, and participants of NGOs and executive organizations who might use the textual content as history for dialogue referring to the technological know-how and coverage of acid deposition.

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It is certainly possible that this would have meant less overall investment in the atmospheric sciences in the research program. I can only note, however, that the technical details of the vast majority of atmospheric sciences supported in the acid deposition program did not enter the policy discussions about cap and trade legislation in any significant way. 1-5. Holes in the Strategy At the time, it was reasonably well understood among the ecological scientists involved in the acid deposition program that there were potentially significant gaps in the overall research strategy.

Understandably, this difference in agencies' approaches to their own management led to tensions within NAPAP, especially when decisions needed to be made quickly, or when longer-term strategic decisions required different lengths of time to be vetted in the participating agencies. However, there was one common feature to all of the science agencies involved in NAPAP. All experienced at least some degree of difficulty in communicating with their internal policy counterparts. There often was some degree of distrust, often driven by what the science managers perceived as a desire for too-rapid decision making by their policy colleagues.

From one perspective, the answer is obviously yes. An enormous amount of sulfur that would have been emitted into the atmosphere has not been, and the overall cost of compliance with the targets is lower than they would have been under standard command and control regulations. However, as other chapters in this volume point out, there are still substantial numbers of acidified lakes and damaged forests in the northeastern United States. The recovery of systems has been much slower than was originally thought, and the gaps in the regulatory system, in particular the relative inattention to nitrogen sources from transportation sources, means that there is still substantial acid input to those systems.

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