By P Boomgaard
Water, in its many guises, has constantly performed a robust function in shaping Southeast Asian histories, cultures, societies, and economies. those essays symbolize a vast diversity of ways to the examine of Southeast Asia with water because the vital topic. because it used to be uncovered to the ocean, the zone was once extra available to outdoors political, financial and cultural impacts than many landlocked parts. quick access via sea routes additionally inspired alternate. even though, a similar quick access made Southeast Asia prone to political regulate through powerful outsiders. the ocean is, additionally, a resource of meals, but additionally of many dangers. whilst, Southeast Asian societies and cultures are faced with and permeated by way of "water from heaven" within the type of rain, flash floods, irrigation water, water in rivers, brooks, and swaps, water-driven energy crops, and pumped or piped water, as well as water as a service of sewage and pollutants. eventually, the amount bargains with the position of water in type structures, ideals, myths, disease, and therapeutic.
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Additional info for A world of water: rain, rivers and seas in Southeast Asian histories
34 The period from the mid nineteenth century is more unequivocally dominated by the European powers, in a familiar story of expanding influence, subjugation, colonial state building and the emergence and vicissitudes of independent states. If we accept this hegemonic colonial framework, representatives of old diaspora trading communities are recast as ‘middle-men’, while border negotiations, and systems of tariffs and customs duties, carved Southeast Asia’s lands and waters into neat pieces in an imperial jig-saw.
Andaya 2000; B. Andaya 1993a, 1997a; Li 2001. B. Andaya and L. Andaya 1982; Sandbukt 1991; Wolters 1999:160-2; Sutherland, 1978. Marr and Milner 1986; Cooke and Li 2004; Aung-Thwin 1995; Hall 1999; Taylor 1999. B. Andaya and L. Andaya 1982; Tarling 1999, II-1. L. Andaya 2000; Reid 1993a:2-36. Geography as destiny? 33 categories,14 Southeast Asia’s openness has often confronted governments and even historians with dilemmas of definition. But before we can consider the historiographical ambiguities posed by the region’s fluid frontiers, we need to understand just how deeply rooted these patterns of interaction are.
15 34 Heather Sutherland T’ang (618-907) and Song (960-1126) dynasties China’s markets drew traders from the west, including the newly emerging Muslim world. From the first millenium CE onwards, ‘true entrepôts’ developed in Southeast Asia. These centres of transshipment and commerce were strategically located, offered safe warehousing, food and water as well as access to supplies of commodities accumulated from local, regional and long-distance trade. 19 She notes the emergence of two main centres of wealth accumulation in the last few centuries BCE, one located on the Strait of Malacca, the other in the southern Java Sea region, the results of an ‘explosion of trading activity’ between about 500 and 200 BCE.