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That amount is regarded as being at, or close to, the maximum biological limit. But projected population growth over the next 10 to 15 years implies an increase in global demand of about 20 million tons if per capita consumption remains steady. The greatest gap between supply and demand will be in Asia. To satisfy the demand will require improving the management of fisheries, making better use of what is caught (reducing waste), and increasing aquaculture production. There has been some concern that fishery development projects centered on capital investment and infrastructure have had too little success.

The severity and pervasiveness of conflicts are increasing. They are frequently manifested in demonstrations, particularly by the small-scale fishers, and some have resulted in the destruction of vessels and even murder. These conflicts occur because, without use rights, there are no mechanisms for allocating either the fishing grounds or the resources among the competing user groups. In these situations, technological innovations tend to have perverse effects. There is pressure to adopt innovations that allow fishers to intercept stocks at earlier stages in their life cycles, although postponing harvest to later stages and larger sizes can lead to considerable economic gains.

Funds are also needed to support ICLARM through 1992 and for its transition into this new role. 3. Coordinated donor support should be provided to the research areas that the CGIAR cannot cover, including the regional and national applied research that presently attracts about 90 percent of the donor financing and some strategic research in such areas as postharvest activities. 4. Donors should also actively support the exchange of information between research programs. The FAO Fisheries Project Information System (FIPIS) could facilitate this process.

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