By Simin Karimi
This examine addresses the issues scrambling langauges supply for the present syntactic theories by means of studying the interplay of semantic and discourse sensible components with syntactic houses of note order during this kind of languages, and through discussing the results of this interplay for common Grammar. 3 interrelated targets are conscientiously during this paintings. the 1st is to investigate the syntactic constitution of Persian, a language which shows loose observe order. With this research, the writer has accounted for the relative order of classified expressions, the inducement for his or her attainable rearrangements, and the grammatical result of these reorderings. during this appreciate, a wide variety of significant syntactic phenomena, together with item shift, Case, prolonged Projection precept (EPP), binding, and scope interpretation of quantifiers, interrogative words, adverbial words, and unfavorable components are tested. This monograph is the 1st significant theoretical paintings ever released on Persian, and for this reason fills the present hole via delivering perception into the syntactic constitution of this language. the second one target is to attach those insights to related linguistic homes in languages during which scrambling happens (e.g. German, Dutch, Hindi, Russian, eastern, and Korean), and to supply a deeper knowing of this workforce of genetically different, yet typologically similar languages. the ultimate and important target is to situate the result of this paintings in the framework of the Minimalist application (MP). The investigations during this learn point out that scrambling isn't really an not obligatory rule, and that yes rules of MP, comparable to the minimum hyperlink situation, are just doubtless violated in those languages. in addition, it's proven that cautious research of scrambling with admire to binding and scope family members, and a reanalysis of the houses of A and A' pursuits, solid a few doubts at the relevance of a typology of stream in traditional language.
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Additional resources for A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian
If, for example, X in (45) contains the feature F, and both WP and ZP contain the feature F’, MLC allows Agree between X and WP, but not X and ZP. (45) XP X' Spec YP X Y' WP ZP Y Economy: the derivation of a sentence is subject to general conditions of the Principle of Economy, restated in (46). (46) Principle of Economy (Chomsky 1995: 367) a. Add optional α to the numeration only if it has an effect at the interface. b. At each stage of a derivation, apply the most economical operation that leads to convergence.
This feature can be checked many times since it serves the requirement that certain (functional) heads project a Spec. In (48), for example, the wh-word is moved to satisfy the EPP features of v and C. Thus there is no ‘looking ahead’ phenomenon: that is, the movement of the wh-phrase is not triggered by a higher head (the matrix C) that does not yet exist. It is rather triggered by the EPP feature of v (and the intermediate C if there is a long-distance movement involved). The following points will become crucial in our analysis in the text: a.
3. How does Persian fit in? We now turn to Persian. This language is configurational since the c-command relation of the phrasal elements has an impact on binding and scope relations (see chapter 5). The question to address in this section is whether scrambling is the result of Merge or Move. That is, is there evidence indicating that scrambling in Persian is the result of Merge. 1. Empirical evidence The following example suggests that the separation of the quantifier and the head noun is best analyzed by taking a base-generation approach.