Download A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of by Mircea Eliade PDF

By Mircea Eliade

This quantity completes the immensely discovered three-volume A historical past of spiritual principles. Eliade examines the stream of Jewish notion out of old Eurasia, the Christian transformation of the Mediterranean region and Europe, and the increase and diffusion of Islam from nearly the 6th during the 17th centuries. Eliade's titanic wisdom of prior and current scholarship offers a synthesis that's unprecedented. as well as reviewing fresh interpretations of the person traditions, he explores the interactions of the 3 religions and indicates their carrying on with mutual impact to be sophisticated yet unmistakable.

As in his past paintings, Eliade can pay specific awareness to heresies, folks ideals, and cults of mystery knowledge, similar to alchemy and sorcery, and keeps the dialogue, all started in prior volumes, of pre-Christian shamanistic practices in northern Europe and the syncretistic culture of Tibetan Buddhism. those subcultures, he continues, are as very important because the better-known orthodoxies to an entire figuring out of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

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50ff. 40. , pp. 53ff. 41. Cf. Patterns, p. 59. ). 42. Castren, Reiseerinnerungen, 1, pp. 253ff. Religions of the northern Asians and Finno-Ugrians 23 creating the world, life, and man, Num delegated his powers to other divine beings who are inferior to him. More recently, Lehtisalo has brought out some supplementary information: Num lives in the seventh Heaven, the Sun is his eye, he is not represented in images, and he is offered sacrifices of reindeer. 43 During the evangelization of the Samoyeds (1825-1835), the missionaries destroyed thousands of anthropomorphic "idols," some with three or seven faces.

The shamanic "miracles" not only confirm and fortify the structures of the traditional religion but also stimulate 37. , pp. 213ff. 22 THE RELIGIONS OF ANCIENT EURASIA and nourish the imagination, abolish the barriers between dreams and immediate reality, and open the windows toward the world inhabited by the gods, the dead, and the spirits. 38 248. The religions of the northern Asians and the Finno-Ugrians The arrangement of this work-which proposes chiefly to analyze religious creations-permits only a summary presentation of the religions common to the peoples who belong to the Paleo-Siberian, Uralian, and Finno-Ugrian linguistic groups.

One can recognize in these "visionary bards" a class of ecstatics and magicians similar to the shamans of Asia. Very probably, at the end of the "funerary banquets," they led the souls of the dead to the other world . Among the Baits, as everywhere else, the ecclesiastical authorities regarded ecstatic techniques and magical practices as inspired by the Devil. But ecstasy and ecstatic theriomorphy as usual constitute a religious operation (or an operation of "white magic"): the shaman takes the form of an animal to combat the evil spirits .

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