By Seyoum, Mulugeta
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Extra resources for A grammar of Dime (Omotic)
However, we observed that both /i⁄rfi⁄ ‘moon’ and /i⁄yi⁄ ‘sun’ in Dime are feminine by adjectival concord. No ambiguity is observed as informants reject the construction when the modifier is marked by a masculine gender. 18 */i⁄rfi⁄ mu⁄lmu⁄l-ub moon round-M Intended meaning: ‘The moon is round’ 19. */i⁄y–i⁄s gic‹c‹o⁄-b sun–DEF big-M Intended meaning: ‘The sun is big’ Some words referring to entities that have natural sex have different lexical forms for feminine and masculine. Examples: 20a. 20b.
Ub ‘red’ 111e. CVCC gus‹s‹ ‘nail’ fi⁄st ‘mucus’ g´rz‹ ‘cat’ 111f. 1 Onset Any consonant, except the consonants, x, ŋ, Â, X, can be an onset of a syllable in Dime. Even though these consonants are not attested as an onset of a syllable, they can be a coda of a syllable. A word initial syllable must have an onset. Where there are no other consonants, the onset position is filled by the glottal stop, /. 2 Coda The coda of a closed syllable in Dime can be any consonant except the consonants / and Â.
As can be seen from the above table the least versatile stop consonant phoneme in different word positions is the consonant phoneme /. It occurs very frequently at word initial position. It is not attested as a member of a cluster, as a geminate, and word finally. This may strengthen Fleming’s (1990:507) statement that the phonemic status of / is questionable in Dime. However, as we showed earlier / is contrastive at word-initial position and should be regarded as a phoneme. The phone p becomes f or ɸ when it occurs between or after vowels, while it is aspirated word initially.