By Eugene H. Kaplan
With greater than 500 species defined and greater than four hundred illustrations, this consultant presents fast and straightforward visible identity of fishes, mollusks, sponges, shrimps, lobsters, crabs, and masses extra of the fauna stumbled on at the coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida.
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Additional resources for A Field Guide to Coral Reefs Caribbean and Florida (Peterson Field Guides)
3]. Based on projections for food production and wastewater effluents, an increase of 10–20% of global river nitrogen flow to coastal ecosystems in the next three decades can be expected, following a global increase of 29% during the period 1970–95. 3]. Climate Change Climate change is becoming the dominant driver of change, particularly in vulnerable habitats such as mangroves, coral reefs, and coastal wetlands, which are especially at risk from resulting sea-level rises. Both recent empirical evidence and predictive modelling studies suggest that climate change will increase population losses [CT 4, Main Message #10].
In the oceans, sea surface temperature increase reduces the solubility of CO2 in the ocean and tends to increase vertical stratification (layering) and to slow down global ocean circulation. Stratification slows the mixing into deep layers of excess carbon in the surface water. Stratification further reduces nutrient input into the surface zone and leads to a prolonged residence time of phytoplankton at the surface, near light. Models indicate the net effect is reduced phytoplankton productivity.
8]. 8]. 1], and there is no agreement (at the time of writing) on a complete set of indicators to be used for the 2010 target, whose aim is ‘to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional, and national level as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on earth’. There are no comprehensive global-scale measures to assess success in meeting the target. Available evidence, however, indicates that it is unlikely to be met: trends are still downwards for most species and populations, and the rate of decline is generally not slowing.